Details on the establishment of the “Soviet” Internet domain SU

In 1990, the Soviet Union was registered first level domain. SU for use throughout the USSR.

It commented V. Bardin, who served as Director of Development Ltd. “Integrum”, and also a board member of the Soviet Association of UNIX users from the first day of its foundation and one of the founders of the cooperative “Demos”. He said that this network recorded not only to share in the USSR, but also to be able to subsequently integrate into the world.

At the time when I started my work network “Relkom” in the Soviet Union had already worked several networks that are engaged in service of “their” customers. The first phase of the network was organized by the commercial providers “Demos” and JSC “Relkom.” The customers were mainly industrial research institutes and academic organizations. The bureaucracy does not consider it necessary to participate in the creation of a network that will be connected with America. Therefore, from the state to create a public network is not funded. Thanks to the financial contribution of research institutes, the project managed to survive. Then the Soviet Union ceased to exist, and the Russian Internet lived and gaining momentum. Soon each of the fifteen republics been assigned a two-letter domain and Internet domain SU recommended quietly shut down its operations and disappear forever.

A similar situation is observed in Czechoslovakia, where the division of the state have formed two new domain, and the old zone .CS quickly eliminated. Domain .SU continued independent work, although in 1994 was registered a new domain .RU. In SU zone to this, there were several thousands of domains of different levels. Once initiated free domain name registration in the zone RU, top-level administrator .SU RIPN ceased to register second-level domains in .SU. However, even after this domain zone not ceased to exist.

Resumption of work in the post-Soviet area had at 15 December of 2002 with the registration of trademark owners. In June 2003, the Foundation for Internet Development, a domain administrator .SU, announced the opportunities open to register second-level domains. According to experts, the Internet domain .SU similar to the European .EU, and only he can be the marketing field, which will be the integration of hozsvyazey developing between enterprises of CIS and Baltic countries.

“Soviet” blast zone provided a sufficiently large number of free “beautiful” domain names. Even though the cost of registering a sufficiently high number of holders in the area of domain names. SU is constantly increasing. Dynamics similar to the rate of growth in the Russian domains and organizations BIZ, COM, and others. Domains intended for general use.

Almost 97% of domain owners – residents of the Russian Federation, including the 54% owned by legal entities. Among the remaining 3% of the owners of non-resident legal entities ratio is much higher. The figure is more than 84%. The main part – this is America, Ukraine, Germany, Sweden, Belarus, Finland and Switzerland.In 1990, the Soviet Union was registered first level domain. SU for use throughout the USSR.

It commented V. Bardin, who served as Director of Development Ltd. “Integrum”, and also a board member of the Soviet Association of UNIX users from the first day of its foundation and one of the founders of the cooperative “Demos”. He said that this network recorded not only to share in the USSR, but also to be able to subsequently integrate into the world.

At the time when I started my work network “Relkom” in the Soviet Union had already worked several networks that are engaged in service of “their” customers. The first phase of the network was organized by the commercial providers “Demos” and JSC “Relkom.” The customers were mainly industrial research institutes and academic organizations. The bureaucracy does not consider it necessary to participate in the creation of a network that will be connected with America. Therefore, from the state to create a public network is not funded. Thanks to the financial contribution of research institutes, the project managed to survive. Then the Soviet Union ceased to exist, and the Russian Internet lived and gaining momentum. Soon each of the fifteen republics been assigned a two-letter domain and Internet domain SU recommended quietly shut down its operations and disappear forever.

A similar situation is observed in Czechoslovakia, where the division of the state have formed two new domain, and the old zone .CS quickly eliminated. Domain .SU continued independent work, although in 1994 was registered a new domain .RU. In SU zone to this, there were several thousands of domains of different levels. Once initiated free domain name registration in the zone RU, top-level administrator .SU RIPN ceased to register second-level domains in .SU. However, even after this domain zone not ceased to exist.

Resumption of work in the post-Soviet area had at 15 December of 2002 with the registration of trademark owners. In June 2003, the Foundation for Internet Development, a domain administrator .SU, announced the opportunities open to register second-level domains. According to experts, the Internet domain .SU similar to the European .EU, and only he can be the marketing field, which will be the integration of hozsvyazey developing between enterprises of CIS and Baltic countries.

“Soviet” blast zone provided a sufficiently large number of free “beautiful” domain names. Even though the cost of registering a sufficiently high number of holders in the area of domain names. SU is constantly increasing. Dynamics similar to the rate of growth in the Russian domains and organizations BIZ, COM, and others. Domains intended for general use.

Almost 97% of domain owners – residents of the Russian Federation, including the 54% owned by legal entities. Among the remaining 3% of the owners of non-resident legal entities ratio is much higher. The figure is more than 84%. The main part – this is America, Ukraine, Germany, Sweden, Belarus, Finland and Switzerland.

The Guardian gave аway the domain operator GLONASS

British newspaper The Guardian has refused domain zone .gdn, losing its federal operator of the GLONASS navigation system. On this July 17 the newspaper “Izvestia”, with reference to Veniami Markovski, representative of ICANN, is responsible for regulating the rights to Internet addresses.

As described in the NIS GLONASS, use the domain gather several companies AFK “Sistema” – the main shareholder of NIS GLONASS.

Meanwhile, the operator will use the zone .gdn, he stands for «geo domain network» («global network domain”) for the sale of domains. As expected, the maximum period of registration of second-level domain will be 10 years, and the cost of registering a domain .gdn per year will be $ 15.

According Veni Markovski, The Guardian refused not only on the domain zone .gdn, but also on .guardianmedia and .guardian. Thus for each domain company will be able to return only 37 thousand dollars of paid 185,000. According to a representative of Russia’s largest domain registrar Ru-Center Andrei Vorobyov, this may be due to the reluctance of The Guardian risk: there is no guarantee that the domain will remain for now. Meanwhile, the launch of domain zone will cost several million dollars.

The fact that The Guardian and GLONASS operator applied for a single domain, reported in March. If companies failed to agree, the fate of the domain would dare at auction.

ICANN has opened to accept applications for the registration of new domain zones of the first level in the first half of 2012. Applications for domains applied, in particular, Google (total 100 applications, including domains .google and .android), Apple (.apple) and Microsoft (.microsoft, .bing and others). Russian companies, including “Yandex”, “Skolkovo” foundation and NIS GLONASS, filed eight applications.